Monday, April 24, 2017

"Telrad" board to work

Hello,

Just spent part of the weekend populating the "gig" with auxiliary circuits for the "Telrad" board testing, following previous posts.



Nothing special, a 9.000 Mhz BFO an LM386 audio amplifier and the power circuit, vfo is external. Not using the +12/0/-12 for supply, only +/- 9V from small batteries.


VFO is from a si5351 controled by the Arduino, signal level from the VFO is reduced to show around 100mV on the mixer carrier input pin (10)

BFO is from the Bitx and other designs directly connected to the board BFO input #11:

No provision with serial inductance or capacitance, at the moment, to "tune" the frequency.


Audio amplifier is a stock LM386 design and interestingly got some audio oscillation from the circuit that I will fix on latter experiments, probably with a RC low pass filter on the supply voltage. Connection was made at the audio output of the board and now is at the isolation transformer out.

Test signal is injected from my S9 signal generator to the front end and I do get audio ! Success...but only with injection bypassing the inboard front end filter and directly to pin 1 of the first MC1496 mixer.
Signal level injected from the signal generator even without proper measurement and calibration is probably around S4.
Audio is on the low side so more testing is needed.
I didn't managed to get LSB, only USB, have to check why (proably switching circuit) although if injecting 9Mhz directly on the LSB filter output I could be ear the signal with low level.

Another view of the first success:


I chosed 3.6Mhz since, apparently, that's around the front end filter center frequency...I start to suspect it's not, still need to bypass the filter to get audio out.
Probably in the future will remove the filter components from the board (last resource) and use a pre-amp also.
Injecting 9 Mhz on the front end is also audible as an audio tone, that's expected and is also a confirmation the board is working.

Will post more info as soon as more experiments are made.

Have a nice week!





Sunday, April 09, 2017

More filters III - "Telrad" board".




Just another update to these filters and boards as on More filters I and update II

Found the page of GW4SAE/ZL4SAE with an updated schematic of the board, no question, Will made an excellent work.

Basically just confirms the schematic from here as referenced on the previous post about this boards.

Also in regards to the filters in the board, some time ago I found the following: (From here and here)

"...
XF-9 S 44
XF-9 S 42
XF-9 S 43

S42: bande passante=+/- 3k6 à -3db : fréquence centrale 9.000000 MHZ
S43: +/-1K55 à -3db : 8.998200 MHZ
S44: +/-1K55 à -3db : 9.001800 MHZ

Capa d'entrée et de sortie: 25 pF
Z entrée/sortie 560 ohms (mesurés)  ..."



In the mean time I started to prepare the board to make also some experiments, maybe a future receiver.

Backside of board:


Removing the extra hardware:





Have a nice week!

P.S. Just made a small jig to take on the underside the audio amp, bfo and vfo for further testing, time permits:





Sunday, April 02, 2017

S9 signal generator, another one.

This is not my first one, anyhow since the other is 1600Km away and I needed to tune a receiver, here's the "new" one:


 Allready helping tunning IF coils of a transceiver in kit form (will write more on that latter):



Here's the schematic:

It's similar to the Elecrat signal generator (http://www.elecraft.com/manual/E740084%20XG2%20Manual%20Rev%20F.pdf) and the Norcal one.

The schematic I loosely followed is from here: http://kv4qb.blogspot.ie/2015/11/s9-signal-generator.html KV4QB has a nice write-up on the generator.

I didn't placed the capacitor in series with the crystals and the attenuators are both in line since I'm interested on the lowest possible signal.

Construction and boxing, an house electrical junction box and some pcb made the trick:

The power clip for the 9V battery was made reusing one old battery terminal and then glued for rigidity:



Testing connected to the FT-707 it displays around S1 but since I calibrate the s-meter by ear, guess might be getting wrong results, If time permits will test with the AD8307 ...anyhow that one needs calibration also.

Here's level to s-meter table:



Have a nice week!

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Boxing the LC meter

Got one of those "cheap" LC meters from the usual online shopping site:
The unit reference as advertized is:
"LC100-A High Precision Digital inductance Capacitance L/C power Meter module"
I might add: just doesn't make toasts but better than sliced bread...






Quality of the meter is not bad and looks quite accurate, at least I measured some marked capacitors and inductors and was in the specified values/range.
The only lower construction quality part was the alligator cable that was delivered with the meter, it was not soldered, just crimped, that's been fixed already:



So far it has helped me to identify some cap's that lost marking and confirming inductors for filters.

The box used is a box for housing electrical stuf with water projection protection (not needed) and was used mainly because it's plastic, relatively cheap and I could make all the holes with a knife.

It ended up like this:

I used very short cabling for the leads so it does not influenciate much the measure.

Before every measure or changing ranges a calibration/zeroing is needed, here's the procedure:

* Inductance: Short the terminals, press the reset (red button), insert the inductor and then measure

* Capacitance: Open the terminals, press the reset (red button), insert the component and measure

Inside:

Power is provided by an usb cable directly to the board. The power switch was set to always on.

Another view:


In the mean time I wrote the knobs function directly on the plastic cover since I kept forgetting.
After the multimeter this is probably the second most used test equipment here, really handy.

Have a nice day!



Thursday, February 02, 2017

More filters II

Some long time ago I bough a board with some SSB/AM filters atached, the idea was to remove and use the filters for some receiver. Upon receiving it, thought it would be nice to use the board itelf since it cointained what looks like an IF chain of a receiver. Never had the time to reverse engineering it.

The board is this one as on the original post:



Some other sellers on the "eb/seller" site are just advertizing the filters, I have another filter kit that got already in separated state from the mainboard.

Today I got an email from Szilard - HA6VSR that kindly provided links, that he found, to the diagram and description. The diagram looks like what I was expecting (even better) except I tough the AM filter was for AM, in fact is used as a first filter in chain for the 9Mhz SSB ones as per the diagram from the link bellow:

I think it will be easy to make a receiver with this, time permits...

The links, courtesy of Szilard:

Description:
http://www.radioamator.ro/articole/view.php?id=1089
Schematic:
http://www.radioamator.ro/articole/files/1089/Filter_Schaltplan_A3.sch.pdf

Have a nice day!



Friday, January 20, 2017

Bubble display QDSP-6064 and MAX7219

Last year got some small "calculator" bubble shaped 4 * 7 seg. led displays thinking it could be nice for a frequency display or some other stuff.

I was just missing the IC for serial connection/display driver since the Arduino has not enough pin's for the job.

The MAX7219 display driver arrived this week and without further I did the needed connections according to data sheet, sort of, it worked first time with only two switched segments, promptly corrected.

Each DIL display has set of 4 digits so bellow I'm using two set's.


The outcome of the software/hardware combination:



The display connection/aka "rats nest":



Full picture with Arduino:



MAX7219 pin-out and connection example:




QDSP-6064 display pin-out:



Schematic:


The resistor for current limiting on the MAX IC (38K) was placed without any calculation only to be conservative. Setting the bright to "4" on the code (lc.setIntensity(0,4);) is more than enough for good readability.

Additional lecture:

MAX7219: http://tronixstuff.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/max7219.pdf

QDSP-6064: http://cdn.sparkfun.com/datasheets/Components/LED/BB_QDSP_DS.pdf

Arduino code for display testing:

///
// test code for bubble display HP QDSP-6064 and max7219
#include "LedControl.h"
#include "Wire.h"

#define PIN_DIN          12 // pin 1  on MAX72XX
#define PIN_CLK          11 // pin 13 on MAX72XX
#define PIN_LOAD         10 // pin 12 on MAX72XX

int di1=0; // first digit from Right to left is DIG0 on max7219
int di2=1;
int di3=2;
int di4=3;
int di5=4;
int di6=5;
int di7=6;
int di8=7; // left most digit is DIG7 on max7219

LedControl lc = LedControl(PIN_DIN, PIN_CLK, PIN_LOAD, 1);

void setup()
{
  // MAX72XX is in power-saving mode on startup, we have to do a wakeup call;
  lc.shutdown(0,false);
  lc.setIntensity(0,4);
  lc.clearDisplay(0);

  lc.setDigit(0,di1,0,true);   // if true then show the decimal point  / DIG0
  lc.setDigit(0,di2,1,true);   // digit number 2 / "address" 1 / DIG1
  lc.setDigit(0,di3,2,true);
  lc.setDigit(0,di4,3,true);
  lc.setDigit(0,di5,4,true);   
  lc.setDigit(0,di6,5,true);
  lc.setDigit(0,di7,6,true);
  lc.setDigit(0,di8,7,true);
}

void loop()
{
// do nothing here, the display was on during setup...
}

///

In the mean time I loaded code for a frequency counter. That will be part of another project.

Have a nice weekend!